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Posts Tagged ‘Koh’

Making the sustainable choice – embedding Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) in the materials and manufacturing supply chain

Friday, April 29th, 2016

Tata-Brimacombe-SUMS

A fascinating partnership between researchers at the Management School and the Faculty of Engineering led to a recent sell-out event, with industry leaders at the heart of it.

A number of industry delegates from throughout Europe joined academics at the University of Sheffield on 22 April 2016 for the Materials Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) Workshop, a one-day event organised jointly between the Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC) and EPSRC funded projects ‘Designing Alloys for Resource Efficiency’ (DARE) and ‘Substitution and Sustainability in Functional Materials and Devices’ (SUbST).

The morning consisted of presentations on major materials innovation projects and real industry cases, given by leading academics and representatives from industry, focusing on the current and future trends of LCA and how this can aid decision-making to achieve resource efficiency and sustainability in an organisation.

The keynote presentation was given by Louis Brimacombe, head of environmental technology at Tata Steel, who explained how LCA has a role in understanding the benefits of a circular economy, where not only environmental considerations but also the social and economic performances of a material are crucial for making sustainable decisions.

Following his presentation, Louis Brimacombe (pictured above) said: “LCA is core in achieving sustainability across supply chains. It not only helps industry makes informed decisions, but identifies where we can improve resource efficiency, sustainability and circular economy.”

During the afternoon, delegates split into working groups to discuss current issues including: why current materials life cycle is not sustainable; how science and research can help to make it more sustainable in the future; the stakeholders who should be involved, and the support and resources required to achieve this. Feedback from this session introduced some exciting new ideas and concepts.

At the end of the workshop one of the main organisers of the event, Professor Lenny Koh from Sheffield University Management School, who is also the director of AREC, said: “This event, which delegates agree should become annual, has evidenced the important role and influence of supply chain LCA in resource efficiency and the sustainability of materials supply chains in flagship projects at the University of Sheffield, including DARE, SUbST and SIMULIFE. LCA must be designed into the development stages of any new materials or products/services to search for the most sustainable option before scale-up. For existing materials, products and services, their life cycle must be continuously assessed through LCA.”

Presentations and a summary of breakout discussions will be posted at www.darealloys.org/news in the next few days.

 

For information on the following, email:
AREC and LCA: Lenny Koh (s.c.l.koh@sheffield.ac.uk)
DARE: Mark Rainforth (m.rainforth@sheffield.ac.uk) or Jean Simpson (jean.simpson@sheffield.ac.uk)
SUbST: Ian Reaney (i.m.reaney@sheffield.ac.uk)

From the plough to the plate: reducing environmental impact and improving efficiency

Friday, December 11th, 2015

One of Britain’s biggest and best-loved bread makers has joined forces with University researchers and a leading agricultural intelligence provider, to better understand the impact its activities are having on the environment – from the plough to the plate.

“It’s important for Hovis to know where the environmental hotspots in their supply chain are,” says Management School supply chain and energy efficiency researcher, Dr Liam Goucher. “By working with us, we can help them identify those hotspots and develop targeted solutions that both reduce the impact on the environment and make them more efficient as a company.”

Using real-world data ranging from the energy consumption of its ovens and mills, to the volume of fertiliser used on its farmers’ fields, members of a multidisciplinary research team are now undertaking analysis using the Supply Chain Environmental Analysis Tool (SCEnAT) developed by Professor Lenny Koh at the University’s Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre.

“This tool allows us to pin point where the weak points in a supply chain are and assess their impact across a range of environmental indicators,” says Professor Koh. Early results, which are currently being poured over by Hovis and independent agricultural intelligence services company, Agrii.

“What makes this project especially interesting to a company like Hovis, is that once we have identified and quantified environmental impact throughout the supply chain, the members of our multidisciplinary team are able to develop viable and sustainable interventions to address key problem areas,” says Dr Liam Goucher, who has undertaken much of the original research.

Whether it is a way to reduce the energy inputs needed to bake the more than 60 million loaves annually in a single bakery, or the development of novel seed varieties and production techniques, the Sheffield team has the intellectual resource to design these solutions.

But for biochemist, Professor Peter Horton, of the University’s Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures, this specific piece of research has much wider implications. “We know that big challenges such as sustainable food production will not be met by research within a single discipline. That’s why we are so passionate about the integration of science, engineering and social science here at Sheffield. By creating teams like this we can not only identify the problems, we can also design the sustainable solutions,” he added.

Recycling e-waste worth up to 3.7 billion euros to Europe

Monday, August 17th, 2015

Lenny Koh

Recycling waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) more effectively could be worth up to 3.7 billion euros to the European market as well as reducing environmental pollution, an award winning research paper has found.

Professor Lenny Koh from the Management School along with colleagues Federica Cucciella, Idiano D’Adomo and Paolo Rosa from the University of L’Aquila and Politecnico di Milano have recently published a paper entitled ‘Recycling of WEEEs: an economic assessment of present and future e-waste streams’.

Waste electrical and electronic equipment is currently considered to be one of the fastest growing waste streams in the world, with an estimated growth rate between three and five per cent each year.

Professor Koh, Director of Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC) and a world leading expert on low carbon supply chains, said: “We have been working on the collaborative research for several years with the University of L’Aquila and Politecnico di Milano. This builds from our prior research on turning waste into resource, resource efficiency and circular economy.

“In particular, this research has strong relevance to addressing global issues of materials availability and security, reducing reliance on unused non-renewable materials, especially precious, critical and rare earth materials in manufacturing for sustainability and for consideration for substitution.”

The paper presents a comprehensive framework supporting the decision-making process of multiple electronic recycling centres. The assessment defined the potential revenues coming from the recovery of valuable materials, such as gold and platinum, in 14 electronic items including notebooks, monitors, smartphones, hard drives and tablets using current and future disposed quantities in Europe.

It found that recycling electronic waste was equal to 2.15 billion euros in overall potential revenue to the European market in 2014 and could rise to 3.67 billion euros by 2020. As well as providing a significant source of revenue, more effective recovery of materials could benefit the environment by reducing manufacturers’ reliance on unprocessed resources.

Professor Koh added: “The recycling of e-waste could allow the diminishing use of virgin resources in manufacturing and, consequently, it could contribute in reducing environmental pollution.

“Given that EU has tried over the last two decades to develop a circular economy based on the exploitation of resources recovered by wastes, this research is key evidence to influence both industry and government on the financial and economic value of materials recovery of WEEE.”

With the development of new electronic items and waste set to increase, the research highlights the need for manufacturers and recycling centres to work more closely together in order to recover more material from disposed equipment. It also recommends needed the development of more flexible recycling plants able to intercept different types of end of life products.

Following publication earlier this month, the research has been recognised by academic publisher Elsevier with the prestigious Atlas Award.

The award recognises scientific research that has an impact on people around the world and is selected by an advisory board based on suggestions from the publishers of Elsevier’s 1,800 journals each month.

Professor Gill Valentine, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for the Faculty of Social Sciences, said: “I am delighted to hear that Professor Koh and her colleagues have been recognised with the Elsevier Atlas Award. This insightful work demonstrates the significant impact research here at the University can have on our world and the environment.”

An award ceremony for the presentation of the Elsevier Atlas Award will be announced soon.

Reboot for City Region’s Low Carbon Sector

Thursday, August 13th, 2015

New leadership team to drive the region’s low carbon sector forward

Significant changes are underway within Sheffield City Region’s low carbon sector – the team responsible for representing the sustainability and low carbon sectors across the Sheffield City Region have chosen three new Chairs to lead the group for the next 12 months. The Group will also be rebranded to become the Sustainability Partnership for Business, Innovation and Skills Group.

Professor Lenny Koh (University of Sheffield), Oliver Coppard (Sheffield City Region LEP) and Teresa Hitchcock (DLA Piper) will represent the education, public and private sectors respectively as co-chairs of the group, elected by their peers from the sector.

Professor Koh said:

“We’re really thrilled to be taking on the challenge of driving this sector forward in Sheffield City Region. Given what is going on at a national and international level, the opportunity to develop a thriving, growing sector could not be bigger or more exciting.

“Over the coming weeks and months our priority will be to listen to as many voices as we can from across the region’s businesses, innovation hubs, local authorities and third sector organisations, so that we know exactly what our industry needs from the Sheffield City Region if we’re going to move forward.

“With the Northern Powerhouse and the devolution agenda moving forward so quickly, there is a real, once in a generation chance to get the support from government that our low carbon sector needs. There are some big challenges ahead, but with the right support we really can exploit our well-earned global reputation for excellence and innovation.”    

The Partnership will continue feeding into the Sheffield City Region growth plan, through initiatives such as the Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC), run by Professor Koh, Teresa Hitchcock will represent the Partnership at the Local Enterprise Partnership Sector Group meetings and Oliver will link in and ensure good collaboration with local and national public sector bodies.

Over the coming months, the new Chairs of the Partnership have committed to a ‘leadership and learning’ model, engaging with the wider low carbon sector through a series of events and meetings across the region.

The first outing for the new look group will be at the launch of the Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre’s (AREC) SCEnAT+ tool in London on the 24 Sept 2015 sponsored by Microsoft. The AREC is a University of Sheffield project led by Professor Koh that seeks to develop resource efficiency within the advanced materials and manufacturing, energy, agritech and food, healthcare and transport industries.

Students take on Rolls-Royce board: Operation and supply chain in civil aviation

Tuesday, May 19th, 2015

Winners

A competitive two-days of executive presentations from Sheffield University Management School students for the MGT232 Operations and Supply Chain Management module sponsored by Rolls-Royce, has concluded with two winning teams and two runners-up teams for the Rolls-Royce Academic of Excellence Award.

The 2014/15 winners are:
Rolls-Royce team 3, including: Salwa Asban, Min Jeon, Claudia Mead, Olivia Paxson, Samuel Skellett, and Shashika Vinodani Warnakulasuriyage (14 May 2015)
Boeing team 11, including: Samuel Tipper, Xiao Ding, Edward Robinson, Mali Huang, Thao Do, and Joseph Boag (15 May 2015)
The 2014/15 runners up are:
Pratt and Whitney team 12, including: Lauren Barrett, Kara Daffern, Andrea Ionescu, Carly Morgan, Hannah McLennaghan and Benjamin Croxford (14 May 2015)
Rolls-Royce team 9, including: Edward Daniels, Joshua Hold, Yue Fei, Yutong Yang, Nickolai Aoun, and Ishita Ghandi (15 May 2015)

The presentations took place in the Chancellors Room in Firth Court at the University of Sheffield on 14 and 15 May 2015. Students worked in teams of five to six people, and role-played either a Rolls-Royce Board, Boeing Board, Airbus Board, Pratt and Whitney / United Technology Board or General Electric Board. They presented their ten-year plans charting the future of the operation and supply chain of these companies.

The presentations were made before a panel of senior judges from academia and industry including Professor Lenny Koh, Professor Ian Shellard, Jonathan Dadley-Webb and Peter Ralph. A total of 272 students took part across 48 teams.

Peter Ralph, Risk Manager from Rolls-Royce, said: “The standard and quality of the work presented are excellent, demonstrating the extraordinary capability of these undergraduate level 2 students in analysing such a complex business and supply chain of the civil aviation industry.

“The international mix of the students is great, providing a fantastic platform to learn to work in such an environment as part of this module which mimics the real life global environment of Rolls-Royce.”

Professor Lenny Koh, Director of the Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre and Logistics and Supply Chain Management Research Centre, said: “This partnership with Rolls-Royce is a testament of the on-going long term collaboration that benefits our students’ learning experience improving their skills and employability, drawing upon world leading research in this discipline contextualised with a strong sense of actual civil aviation operation and supply chain.”

SUMS Professor flies high with Boeing and LCA research

Friday, January 9th, 2015

Lenny Koh AREC

Professor Lenny Koh, chair in operations management at Sheffield University Management School, has played a significant part in a study showing that lighter planes are the future.

The interdisciplinary study, involving academics from the engineering and management fields, showed that a global fleet of composite planes could reduce carbon emissions by up to 15 per cent, but the lighter planes alone will not enable the aviation industry to meet its emissions targets, according to new research.

The study, by the Universities of Sheffield, Cambridge and UCL (University College London), is the first to carry out a comprehensive life cycle assessment (LCA) of a composite plane, such as the Boeing Dreamliner 787 or Airbus 350, and extrapolate the results to the global fleet.

Professor Koh’s contribution to the study was built around the LCA methodology, covering manufacture, use and disposal, using publicly available information on the Boeing Dreamliner 787 fuselage and from the supply chain – such as the energy usage of the robots that construct the planes. She said: “This research has demonstrated the significant value of LCA methodology for Boeing. It has evidenced the robustness of this approach to assess the environmental impact of new materials such as composite in a very complex product supply chains (in this context for the Boeing Dreamliner 787).

“Sheffield has world leading expertise in this domain and this project is an example of how we work with world leading industry to provide LCA empirical analysis. It has proven to be extremely valuable and impactful for the aviation industry and their supply chain.”

Research found that emissions during the manufacture of composite planes are over double those of aluminium planes, but because the lighter aircraft use significantly less fuel these are offset after a few international flights. Over its lifetime, a composite plane creates up to 20 per cent fewer CO2 emissions. The study – published in the International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment – estimated that by 2050, composite planes could reduce emissions from the global fleet by 14-15 per cent relative to a fleet that maintains its existing aluminium-based configuration.  In light of a projected four-fold increase in global air traffic through 2050, this material change could avoid 500million tonnes of CO2 emissions in 2050 alone, a value that roughly corresponds to current emission levels.

Professor Koh is director of the Centre for Energy, Environment and Sustainability and the Logistics and Supply Chain Management research centre, both within the Management School. She is also leading the Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC), which has been formed as a facility to promote collaboration between industry and academics who can help introduce resource efficiency and sustainability across supply chains. It also offers a platform for access to policy makers and focuses on four main industries: Advanced Materials and Manufacturing; Energy and Nuclear; Water; and Agritech/Food.

Management School at the 2014 ESRC festival: Find out more

Friday, October 31st, 2014

Next week, Sheffield academics take to the floor and open their research up to the general public, thanks for the 2014 ESRC Festival of Social Sciences.

The Management School is hosting a number of seminars as part of the event, which runs from 1-8 November – all of which support the School’s Mission to promote socially responsible work practices and have a positive impact on organisations and society throughout the world.

On Monday 3 November, Professor Lenny Koh brings her substantial expertise in supply chain management and resource efficiency to the Management School’s Hitchcock Boardroom. In a session from 9-10:30am, Prof Koh will discuss the University’s new Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC) which combines the our expertise in supply chain management, advanced materials, agritech and energy to produce a unique, world-class research facility.

As the leader of AREC, Prof Koh is an renowned expert in this field so the event could be of great benefit to businesses interested in ‘Improving Supply Chain Efficiency and Competitiveness under Resource Scarcity’. Her second session on Monday could also be extremely useful: ‘Promoting Sustainable Supply Chain Growth by Research and Innovation Exploitation’. Here organisations could learn how working with AREC, or the CEES and LSCM research centres could benefit them, with particular focus on the SCEnAT tool.

Book onto Prof Koh’s sessions here:

http://management.sheffield.ac.uk/events/improving-supply-chain-efficiency-competitiveness-resource-scarcity/

http://management.sheffield.ac.uk/events/promoting-sustainable-supply-chain-growth-research-innovation-exploitation/

On Tuesday 4 November, Dr Tina McGuinness discusses her expertise in business risk for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), with a particular focus on flooding.

Dr McGuiness will explore the issues SMEs are faced with around flood hazard and how best to prepare your business for this. Sheffield suffered a major flooding event in 2007 which impacted upon a significant number of SMEs, particularly located around the Lower Don Valley. This event will give relevant stakeholders from business and policy the opportunity to hear about the latest research into flood impacts upon SMEs.  It will help you gain insights into the factors that facilitate and enhance resilience to flooding as well as those issues which can exacerbate business vulnerability to the impacts of a major disruption such as flooding

Book on to the events, titled ‘Business as (un)usual: flood risk and SMEs’, here:

http://management.sheffield.ac.uk/events/business-unusual-flood-risk-smes-breakfast-event/

Finally, on Wednesday 5 November, Dr Geoff Nichols touches on a very current subject – the transfer of public lecture facilities, such as libraries, to volunteers.

The event will share Dr Nichols’ research findings on the transfer of delivery of local leisure services from local government to volunteers.

The event provides him with an opportunity to disseminate the results of research into the process of transfer of public leisure facilities; including sports centres, libraries and museums; towards delivery by volunteers.  This transfer is happening rapidly – mainly in response to funding cuts – and it will continue.

There are a number of relevant speakers attending the event. You can see the full list of speakers, and book your place, here:

http://management.sheffield.ac.uk/events/transfer-public-leisure-facilities-volunteer-delivery-exploring-good-practice/

 

Organisations benefit from the Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC)

Tuesday, October 28th, 2014

Lenny Koh AREC

 

The launch of the Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC), led by Professor Lenny Koh from Sheffield University Management School, has captured the attention of organisations looking to improve their sustainable credentials, both locally and on a national scale.

AREC has been formed as a facility to promote collaboration between industry and academics who can help introduce resource efficiency and sustainability across supply chains. It also offers a platform for access to policy makers and focuses on four main industries: Advanced Materials and Manufacturing; Energy and Nuclear; Water; and Agritech/Food.

Professor Koh together with her exceptional team across Faculties and disciplines, taken from leading industry and academia, have identified a number of issues affecting the development of resource sustainable supply chains in large organisations including getting support from the board for sustainability improvements, unless there is a legal requirement or financial benefit. AREC also recognises that Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) need to overcome supply chain challenges so gives them the opportunity to collaborate with larger industrial partners to benefit from their cutting edge academic research and skills – this endeavour fits directly with current Government and EU policies.

Industry partners include the Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC) with Boeing, Rolls-Royce, Tata Steel, Unilever and DLA Piper – in collaborations overseen by Professor Koh’s team, organisations of every size can benefit from their expertise and resources.

It is AREC’s view that long-term success lies in achieving a fair and sustainable balance between rewarding all stakeholders in a business, not just the shareholders. With this approach, customers, suppliers, employees and the community in which the business operates should benefit.

‘Green’ and sustainable organisational elements are becoming increasingly important to reputation, and investors are developing a longer-term view on their partners – if firms are seen to be neglecting these vital criteria, customers may choose to go to a competitor that is doing them well.

AREC will support businesses in considering development in these areas, and will provide resources and partnerships with which to do so. Professor Koh said: “I am delighted to be leading this Centre. The calibre of our industrial and academic partnerships speaks millions about the attention and investment the University is putting into our initiative.

“Sustainability and socially-responsible work practices are built into Sheffield University Management School’s mission statement, so my involvement and that of my Management colleagues is very relevant. This initiative sits well strategically with the specific research priority of the Faculty of Social Sciences on climate change and sustainable growth. The translational and cross disciplinary nature of the AREC work in partnership with industry, departments and Research Centres from the Faculties of Social Science, Science and Engineering, as well as the University’s AMRC and Nuclear ARMC, is connecting lower TRL and higher TRL activities together for greater societal impact.”

To find out more about the AREC, visit www.sheffield.ac.uk/arec, or email s.c.l.koh@sheffield.ac.uk.

www.sheffield.ac.uk/arec
www.sheffield.ac.uk/management

Supporting supply chain resource sustainability

Monday, August 4th, 2014

Fifty-one industry representatives and academics explored supply chain challenges during a half-day workshop held at the Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre to foster closer working relationships between University of Sheffield academics and leading businesses in key strategic areas including advanced materials and manufacturing, energy and nuclear, water and agritech/food.

Professor Lenny Koh, supported by a distinguished team of respected academics, led the Supply Chain Resource Sustainability (SCRS) workshop, helping to shape the vision and programme of supply chain resource sustainability research for translational and high impact performance. The workshop was very well attended, resulted in an informed and diverse range of opinions and identified key collaborative areas, capabilities and tools around supply chain resource sustainability needed by industry to address their resources supply chain challenges.

The workshop also introduced the Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC), a facility for supporting the development of competitive advantage by creating world leading, resource sustainable supply chains through collaborative action between industry and academia, especially in the thematic areas where the University of Sheffield has deep expertise including advanced materials and manufacturing; energy and nuclear; water; and agritech/food.

The three key challenges/priorities in each of these sectors are summarised below. A report will be released in mid September 2014, to be followed by a collaborative steering group meeting.

Environmental and Energy Improvements – European funded collaborative project is thinking big for SMEs

Thursday, January 23rd, 2014

MS017

Key international stakeholders in a University of Sheffield managed team met in January 2014 and kick-started a ground-breaking new project which aims to help Small to Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) deliver both environmental and cost improvements.The European consortium’s initial talks laid foundations for the implementation of a project, EU LLP PrESS (SCEnAT). SCEnAT (Supply Chain Environmental Analysis Tool) has been developed by Professor Lenny Koh, project Principal Investigator and Leader of the Centre for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (CEES) at Sheffield University Management School.

This project will further develop Professor Koh’s SCEnAT tool, which already helps SMEs understand their environmental impact, so that it can deliver carbon emission reductions and real cost reductions.

The consortium comprises four academic members, the University of Sheffield, the University of Lodz (Poland), the University of Naples “Federico II” (Italy) and the South East European Research Centre (SEERC – Greece), working in partnership with four private sector trade organisations from their respective regions. The University of Sheffield’s partner is Sheffield Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SCCI). The collaborative project’s objective is to help SMEs improve their environmental footprint and drive commercial benefits in this internationally competitive world.

Professor Lenny Koh, who is also Associate Dean for Alumni at Sheffield University Management School, said: “We believe that CEES has developed an excellent and simple tool [SCEnAT] which any SME can use to understand its carbon footprint. However, we recognise that most businesses will require help in not only implementing the tool, but also carrying out the beneficial projects that it will identify.

“The European funding gives us a great opportunity to work with three partner universities across Europe to assess SCEnAT’s wider applicability, and to commercialise the tool, making it a real benefit to businesses.”

Richard Wright, Executive Director of Sheffield Chamber of Commerce, added: “SMEs represent the backbone of our economy. We need them to grow and be sustainable economically and environmentally if we are going to deliver a successful future.

“However, it is probably more difficult for SMEs to evaluate the options and implement improvements because they have finite resources, and environmental skills are not always a core capability. For instance, rising energy costs are putting significant strains on many businesses – but the time and skills required to optimise the unit cost do not usually reside within the organisation. SCEnAT and its forthcoming development are designed to tackle that issue.”

For more information on the project go to www.sheffield.ac.uk/scenat-press

This project is funded with the support of the Lifelong Learning Programme of the European Union. This press release reflects on the author’s view and the Agency and Commission are not responsible for any use that made be made of the information it contains.